Is Science the Enemy of Spirituality?
Is the mind just a physical machine? Is there anything that could survive the death of the body?
Materialism (nowadays known as 'physicalism') states that your mind is either the same thing as your brain, or else is a program running on the hardware of your brain. In either case, once the brain shuts down the mind ceases to exist.
New Age spiritual practitioners believe that the most important aspect of the mind, the intuitive or 'subtle' mind, is non-physical and is reborn after this life. The mind isn't just something that arises from the body and ceases when the body dies, but is a fundamental aspect of all existence.
Unfortunately, neither the Western New Age metaphysics nor the traditional religions seem to be able to launch a rational attack on the materialists' worldview, which is consequently portrayed as being 'scientific'. In fact, the traditional religions appear to be rushing headlong towards anti-rational, anti-scientific fundamentalism and obscurantism.
Nowadays, the doctrine of inerrancy of the Bible means that belief in creationism is almost obligatory for Protestants. Similarly, the Catholic Church, which in its time produced some notable philosophers, appears intellectually unimpressive and incapable of assembling coherant arguments against materialism. As a substitute, it occasionally fires off inaccurately aimed salvoes at Eastern philosophies, when perhaps it should be trying to learn something from them.(For example Cardinal Ratzinger's recent comments on spiritual self-abuse).
Fortunately there is one school of philosophy which is capable of taking on materialism on what it claims to be its own ground (science and technology) and defeating it by logical analysis. That philosophy is Kadampa Buddhism. According to Kadampa logicians, materialism is NOT scientific because all attempts to reduce mental phenomena to physical causes can be shown to have logical flaws. There is considerable evidence (see topics listed below) that the deep intuitive mind operates in its own spiritual dimension of reality and is not reducible to physical causes or mechanisms.
But you don't have to be, or become, a Buddhist to make use of the resources listed below. The anti-materialist arguments provide useful ammunition for most spiritual practitioners wishing to protect themselves against the onslaught of materialism.
The subject matter is arranged in alphabetical order, but if you wish to know your enemy, the best place to start is probably the article on Materialism.
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Buddhism and Islam
Christian Buddhist dialog
Computationalism - computers and minds
FAQ (FAQs) about Buddhism
God as Multifaceted Mind
Gödel's incompleteness theorem
Inherent existence - lack of, see emptiness
Laws of physics - their anthropic origin
Meme theory and memetics
Monotheism - the cause of religious wars?
Parietal lobe and spirituality
Participatory Anthropic Principle
Polytheism versus Monotheism
Rebirth - reincarnation
Sociology of Religion
Tat Tvam Asi - That Thou Art